Gardens are prime real estates for rats. They are hospital to rats as they provide them with food, water and shelter. Rats eat the planted seeds and fruits. In a garden with reared animals, they eat animal feeds. Rats also transmit diseases such as Lymphocytic choriomeningitis when you come into contact with their saliva or urine. Below are some tips to remove rats from your garden:
Remove their shelter
Rats live in areas they are protected from their predators. Tall weeds, dense planting, rocks, piles of lumber and bushes provide them with shelter and hiding places. They have poor eyesight and navigates using their whiskers which makes them prefer to travel along straight lines, walls and foundations. They are less confident when traversing in exposed zones and you should, therefore, cut vegetations 18 to 20 inches from building walls, trim tree branches touching the walls, and remove vines from the sides of walls. Because they fear being exposed they will definitely migrate to a safer place.
Remove food sources
Rats are attracted to live in a place due to the presence of food. Gardens have plenty of foods they can feed on. Removing food products from the garden makes them migrate to other places looking for food to eat. You should, therefore, remove fruits, nuts, animal feeds and any other they feed on from the garden or put them in animal-proof cans with lids. Do not add fatty foods such as eggs, meat and dairy products in compost manure. You should also use sturdy compost bins with locking lids in your garden.
Remove water sources
Rats need water for their survival. All containers that hold water and doesn’t have a lid such as buckets, old flower pots and tyres should be removed from the garden. Rats will move to places where they can access food and water.
Keep a cat
Cats are the main predators of rats. Some dogs also feed on rats. Having a cat or a dog in your garden is also an effective way to remove rats as they will reduce the population of rats gradually by feeding on them.
Traps can be used to catch rats. There are several types of rat traps available. The only challenge with using traps is that you have to empty and reset them every day.
Poisoning the rats is also an effective way but it is not recommended if you have animals in your garden as they can also be affected by the poison. Poisoning is also not recommended if you have children visiting the garden.